Energy Production & Changing Energy Sources

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Max Roser (2016) – ‘Energy Production & Changing Energy Sources’. Published online at Retrieved from: [Online Resource]


# Empirical View

# Global Total Energy Consumption – Long-Run View

# World energy consumption by source, 1800-2000 – Max Roser1

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# World energy consumption per capita by source, 1800-2000 – Max Roser2

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# Long-Run View for Single Countries

# The Italian energy transition, 1861-2000 – Gales, Kander, Malanima and Rubio (2007)3


# Share of US primary energy demand, 1780-2100 – Citi Research4
The Share of US primary energy demand from 1780-2100 – Citi Research0

# Share of primary energy consumption in the United Kingdom, 1500-2000 – Fouquet (2010)5
Share of Primary Energy Consumption in the United Kingdom (1500–2000) – Fouquet (2010)0

# Global View – Country by Country

# World maps of energy use per capita (kg of oil equivalent per capita), 1960-2011 – Max Roser6

# Lorenz plots for the global energy consumption per capita, 1980-2010 (left), and evolution of the global Gini coefficient for energy consumption per capita (right) – Lawrence, Liuemail and Yakovenko (2013)7


# World map of the global power plant fleet by technology – Evans and Annunziata (2012)8
World Map of the Global Power plant fleet by technology – Evans and Annunziata (2012)0

# Correlates, Determinants & Consequences

The declining use of biofuels is the most important reason for the reduction of indoor air pollution.

# Data Sources

# Long Run

# The History Database of the Global Environment (HYDE)

# Correlates of War
  • Data: ‘Primary Energy Consumption’ (thousands of Metric-ton Coal Equivalent)
  • Geographical coverage: Global – by country
  • Time span: 1816-2007
  • Available at: Online at
  •  The original data source for data after 1970 is the United Nations’ Energy Statistics Database UNESD. Data for the time before 1970 is taken from Mitchell International Historical Statistics. See the codebook on page 61.

# The Shift Project (TSP)
  • Data: Historical Energy Consumption Statistics and Historical Energy Production Statistics
  • Geographical coverage: Global – by country and world region
  • Time span: Since 1900
  • Available at: Both datasets are online at

# Post 1950

# IEA – International Energy Agency
  • Data: Data on electricity, oil, gas, coal and renewables. Data on CO2 emissions (also projections)
  • Geographical coverage: Global – by country
  • Time span: Last decades
  • Available at: Online at
  • The IEA is publishing the World Energy Outlook.
  •  You have to pay to access the IEA databases. But some data is available through Gapminder, for example Residential Energy Use (%). (for few countries since 1960, for more countries since 1971 or 1981)

# Energy Information Administration
  • Data: Total and crude oil production, oil consumption, natural gas production and consumption, coal production and consumption, electricity generation and consumption, primary energy, energy intensity, CO2 emissions and imports and exports for all fuels
  • Geographical coverage: Global – by country
  • Time span: Annual data since 1980
  • Available at: Online at
  •  EIA is a US government agency.

# BP Statistical Review of World Energy
  • Data: BP publishes data on Oil, Gas Coal, Nuclear Energy, Hydroelectricity, Renewables, Primary Energy Consumption, Electricity Generation, Carbon Doixide Emissions
  • Geographical coverage: Global – by country and region
  • Time span: Annual data since 1951
  • Available at: Online at

# World Development Indicators – World Bank

# Eurostat