Stability of democratic institutions index

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What you should know about this indicator

It ranges from countries with poor stability (scores of 1 to 2.49), over flawed stability (scores of 2.5 to 4.49), fair political participation (scores of 4.5 to 6.49), and sound stability (scores of 6.5 to 8.49), to countries with excellent stability (scores of 8.5 to 10).

Stability of democratic institutions index
Indicates the extent to which democratic institutions are effective and efficient and all relevant actors accept them.
Bertelsmann Transformation Index (2024) – processed by Our World in Data
Last updated
May 21, 2024
Next expected update
May 2025
Date range

Sources and processing

This data is based on the following sources

Throughout the world, democracy and a market economy have become powerful frameworks in which social sustainability can prosper. Successful processes of reform can be observed in every region of the globe. There are, however, no guarantees of success; many countries undergoing transformation face stagnation and power struggles or violence and even state failure. Good governance is pivotal to reform policies that work. What are the key decisions? What are the lessons to be learned from past experiences? What strategies are likely to succeed? Under which conditions? The BTI 2024 puts development and transformation policies to the test.

Advocating reforms aimed at supporting the development of a constitutional democracy and a socially responsible market economy, the BTI provides the framework for an exchange of good practices among agents of reform. The BTI publishes two rankings, the Status Index and the Governance Index, both of which are based on in-depth assessments of 137 countries. The Status Index ranks the countries according to the state of their democracy and market economy, while the Governance Index ranks them according to their respective leadership’s performance. Distributed among the dimensions of democracy, market economy and governance, a total of 17 criteria are subdivided into 49 questions.

BTI countries are selected according to the following criteria: They have yet to achieve a fully consolidated democracy and market economy, have populations of more than one million, and are recognized as sovereign states.

The Transformation Index project is managed by the Bertelsmann Stiftung.

Retrieved on
May 21, 2024
This is the citation of the original data obtained from the source, prior to any processing or adaptation by Our World in Data. To cite data downloaded from this page, please use the suggested citation given in Reuse This Work below.
Bertelsmann Stiftung. 2024. Bertelsmann Transformation Index 2024.

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To cite this page overall, including any descriptions, FAQs or explanations of the data authored by Our World in Data, please use the following citation:

“Data Page: Stability of democratic institutions index”, part of the following publication: Bastian Herre, Lucas Rodés-Guirao, Esteban Ortiz-Ospina and Max Roser (2013) - “Democracy”. Data adapted from Bertelsmann Transformation Index. Retrieved from [online resource]
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Bertelsmann Transformation Index (2024) – processed by Our World in Data

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Bertelsmann Transformation Index (2024) – processed by Our World in Data. “Stability of democratic institutions index” [dataset]. Bertelsmann Transformation Index, “Bertelsmann Transformation Index, Scores” [original data]. Retrieved July 23, 2024 from