This entry is currently a draft version and will be extended as soon as we find the time.
# Empirical View
# Decline of lynchings in the US
There is much less long-term data on the treatment of minorities than one would hope for. Records however do exist for the most extreme forms of violence such as lynchings.
The first institution to record lynchings in the USA was the Tuskegee Institute, which is now Tuskegee University. Their data is shown here (for other statistics on lynchings see Wikipedia).Full screen view Download Data
The data was also mapped by the Tuskegee Institute, and this US map of lynchings by states and counties in the United States from 1900 to 1931 is described by Slate Magazine here.
# Treatment of Other Races in the USA Post-1950
# Interracial Marriages
Anti-miscegenation laws prohibited interracial marriages in a number of countries around the world; an overview is given here.
# Number of Interracial Marriages
# Opinions on Interracial Marriage
‘Do you approve or disapprove of marriage between blacks and whites?’ Share approving black-white marriage among whites and blacks in the USA, 1958-2013 – Gallup (2013)5
Opposition to laws in the USA banning marriages between blacks and whites by year and year of birth, 1964-2000 – Fischer and Hout (2008)6
# Race and Politics
Percent of Americans who would vote for a ‘qualified Negro’ / ‘black for President’, 1950s-2010 – GSS & Gallup Data7
# Racism outside the USA
Discriminatory and affirmative action policies, 1950-2003 – Marshall and Gurr (2005)8
Students’ attitudes towards equal rights for ethnic minorities by level of civic knowledge, 2009 – OECD (2012)9
# Data Sources
The Minorities at Risk project tracks 283 politically active ethnic groups throughout the world from 1945 to the present. The website is here.