Food Prices

Food prices matter for producers and consumers. They impact farmer’s incomes, and they matter for how much – and what foods – families can afford.

The price of foods gives an important indicator of the balance between agricultural production and market demand. When supplies are tight, prices tend to rise, which can have a significant impact on their affordability for consumers.

In low-to-middle-income countries, a large share of the population is employed in agriculture. Producers typically benefit from higher food prices; consumers from lower prices. Food markets can therefore have a strong impact on food affordability, hunger and undernourishment, and dietary quality.

On this page, you can find data, visualizations, and writing on global and country-level food prices and expenditures, the affordability of food, and how this has changed over time.

Explore data on Food Affordability

Research & Writing

Interactive Charts on Food Prices

Cite this work

Our articles and data visualizations rely on work from many different people and organizations. When citing this topic page, please also cite the underlying data sources. This topic page can be cited as:

Hannah Ritchie, Pablo Rosado and Max Roser (2023) - “Food Prices” Published online at Retrieved from: '' [Online Resource]

BibTeX citation

    author = {Hannah Ritchie and Pablo Rosado and Max Roser},
    title = {Food Prices},
    journal = {Our World in Data},
    year = {2023},
    note = {}
Our World in Data logo

Reuse this work freely

All visualizations, data, and code produced by Our World in Data are completely open access under the Creative Commons BY license. You have the permission to use, distribute, and reproduce these in any medium, provided the source and authors are credited.

The data produced by third parties and made available by Our World in Data is subject to the license terms from the original third-party authors. We will always indicate the original source of the data in our documentation, so you should always check the license of any such third-party data before use and redistribution.

All of our charts can be embedded in any site.