OFDA/CRED International Disaster Data

Our World in Data presents the empirical evidence on global development in entries dedicated to specific topics.

The data presented here relates to trends discussed in our entry on Natural Catastrophes.

Annual global number of deaths from natural catastrophes per decade, 1900-20151

Yearly average

global annual deaths from natural disasters,

by decade

Drought Earthquake Extreme temperature Flood Impact Landslide Mass movement (dry) Storm Volcanic activity Wildfire
1900s 130000 17302 0 63 0 5 13 1801 4494 0
1910s 8500 6280 0 10138 0 0 12 5995 648 107
1920s 472400 54935 0 428 0 43 0 11999 514 10
1930s 0 23770 169 436147 0 103 4 9384 318 7
1940s 345000 16187 0 10103 0 1753 0 12712 213 25
1950s 0 2093 150 205830 0 215 0 3126 510 1
1960s 150865 5236 113 3239 0 504 218 13393 324 7
1970s 11908 44022 155 5078 0 738 7 35734 53 1
1980s 55727 6015 534 5155 0 623 127 4667 2400 40
1990s 311 10359 932 9549 0 833 87 21115 97 86
2000s 115 45364 9106 5401 0 772 28 17213 24 63
2010s 3339 43302 11644 5811 0 1069 13 3177 71 52

Annual global death rate (per 100,000 of the world population) per decade from natural catastrophes, 1900-20152

Yearly average

rate of deaths

from disasters,

by decade

Drought Earthquake Extreme temperature Flood Impact Landslide Mass movement (dry) Storm Volcanic activity Wildfire
1900s 7.65 1.02 0 0 0 0 0 0.11 0.26 0
1910s 0.47 0.35 0 0.56 0 0 0 0.33 0.04 0.01
1920s 24.2 2.81 0 0.02 0 0 0 0.61 0.03 0
1930s 0 1.08 0.01 19.85 0 0 0 0.43 0.01 0
1940s 14.58 0.68 0 0.43 0 0.07 0 0.54 0.01 0
1950s 0 0.08 0.01 7.46 0 0.01 0 0.11 0.02 0
1960s 4.54 0.16 0 0.1 0 0.02 0 0.40 0.01 0
1970s 0.29 1.08 0 0.13 0 0.02 0 0.88 0 0
1980s 1.15 0.12 0.01 0.11 0 0.01 0 0.1 0.05 0
1990s 0.01 0.18 0.02 0.17 0 0.01 0 0.37 0 0
2000s 0 0.7 0.14 0.08 0 0.01 0 0.26 0 0
2010s 0.05 0.61 0.16 0.08 0 0.02 0 0.04 0 0