OFDA/CRED International Disaster Data

Our articles and data visualizations rely on work from many different people and organizations. When citing this entry, please also cite the underlying data sources. This entry can be cited as:

Hannah Ritchie and Max Roser (2017) - "OFDA/CRED International Disaster Data". Published online at OurWorldInData.org. Retrieved from: 'https://ourworldindata.org/ofdacred-international-disaster-data' [Online Resource]
Our World in Data presents the empirical evidence on global development in entries dedicated to specific topics.

The data presented here relates to trends discussed in our entry on Natural Catastrophes.

Annual global number of deaths from natural catastrophes per decade, 1900-20151

Yearly average global annual deaths from natural disasters, by decadeDroughtEarthquakeExtreme temperatureFloodImpactLandslideMass movement (dry)StormVolcanic activityWildfire
1900s130000 17302 063 05 13 1801 4494 0
1910s8500 6280 010138 0012 5995 648 107
1920s472400 54935 0428 043 011999 514 10
1930s023770 169 436147 0103 49384 318 7
1940s345000 16187 010103 01753 012712 213 25
1950s02093 150 205830 0215 03126 510 1
1960s150865 5236 113 3239 0504 21813393 324 7
1970s11908 44022 155 5078 0738 735734 53 1
1980s55727 6015 534 5155 0623 1274667 2400 40
1990s311 10359 932 9549 0833 8721115 97 86
2000s115 45364 9106 5401 0772 2817213 24 63
2010s3339 43302 11644 5811 01069 133177 71 52

Annual global death rate (per 100,000 of the world population) per decade from natural catastrophes, 1900-20152

Yearly average rate of deaths from disasters, by decadeDroughtEarthquakeExtreme temperatureFloodImpactLandslideMass movement (dry)StormVolcanic activityWildfire
1900s7.65 1.02 00 00 0 0.11 0.26 0
1910s 0.47 0.35 00.56 000 0.33 0.04 0.01
1920s24.2 2.81 00.02 00 00.61 0.03 0
1930s01.08 0.01 19.85 00 0 0.43 0.01 0
1940s14.58 0.68 00.43 00.07 00.54 0.01 0
1950s00.08 0.01 7.46 00.01 0 0.11 0.02 0
1960s4.54 0.16 0 0.1 00.02 0 0.40 0.01 0
1970s0.29 1.08 0 0.13 00.02 0 0.88 0 0
1980s1.15 0.12 0.01 0.11 00.01 0 0.1 0.05 0
1990s0.01 0.18 0.02 0.17 00.01 0 0.37 0 0
2000s0 0.7 0.14 0.08 00.01 0 0.26 0 0
2010s0.05 0.61 0.16 0.08 00.02 0 0.04 0 0