Which countries get the most electricity from low-carbon sources?

Globally, 39% of our electricity came from low-carbon sources in 2020. But there is a lot of variation in low-carbon electricity production across the world. We see this in the map, which shows the share of electricity that is low-carbon.

Some countries get all – or almost all – of their electricity from low-carbon sources. Paraguay, Iceland, Sweden, and Uruguay, for example, get more than 95% of their electricity from these sources. France gets more than 90%.

However, many other countries are still strongly reliant on fossil fuels, with only a few percent being low-carbon.

Low-carbon electricity can come from nuclear, or renewables such as hydropower, solar and wind. The contribution of each varies from country-to-country. We see this in the stacked bar chart: In Iceland and Uruguay, for example, most electricity comes from renewables – particularly hydropower. In others, such as France and Sweden, nuclear energy plays a dominant role.

In this chart you can explore the full breakdown of electricity production by source – from coal and gas; to nuclear; hydropower; solar and wind.


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Hannah Ritchie (2021) - “Which countries get the most electricity from low-carbon sources?” Published online at Retrieved from: '' [Online Resource]

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    author = {Hannah Ritchie},
    title = {Which countries get the most electricity from low-carbon sources?},
    journal = {Our World in Data},
    year = {2021},
    note = {}
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