Cost per billion pairs of DNA sequencing

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About this data

Cost per billion pairs of DNA sequencing
The cost of sequencing one billion base pairs of DNA, measured in US$. This data is not adjusted for inflation.
National Human Genome Research Institute (2022) – with minor processing by Our World in Data
Last updated
November 28, 2023
Next expected update
November 2024
Date range
current US$

Sources and processing

This data is based on the following sources

The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) tracks the costs associated with DNA sequencing at the centers it funds. The cost-accounting data is summarized relative to two metrics: (1) "Cost per Megabase of DNA Sequence" - the cost of determining one megabase (Mb; a million bases) of DNA sequence of a specified quality; (2) "Cost per Genome" - the cost of sequencing a human-sized genome.

Retrieved on
November 28, 2023
This is the citation of the original data obtained from the source, prior to any processing or adaptation by Our World in Data. To cite data downloaded from this page, please use the suggested citation given in Reuse This Work below.
Wetterstrand KA. DNA Sequencing Costs: Data from the NHGRI Genome Sequencing Program (GSP) Available at:

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To cite this page overall, including any descriptions, FAQs or explanations of the data authored by Our World in Data, please use the following citation:

“Data Page: Cost per billion pairs of DNA sequencing”, part of the following publication: Max Roser, Hannah Ritchie and Edouard Mathieu (2023) - “Technological Change”. Data adapted from National Human Genome Research Institute. Retrieved from [online resource]
How to cite this data

In-line citationIf you have limited space (e.g. in data visualizations), you can use this abbreviated in-line citation:

National Human Genome Research Institute (2022) – with minor processing by Our World in Data

Full citation

National Human Genome Research Institute (2022) – with minor processing by Our World in Data. “Cost per billion pairs of DNA sequencing” [dataset]. National Human Genome Research Institute, “DNA Sequencing Costs” [original data]. Retrieved July 19, 2024 from