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Data InsightsIndonesia’s shift to cleaner cooking fuels has greatly improved air quality and health
March 08, 2024Hannah Ritchie

Indonesia’s shift to cleaner cooking fuels has greatly improved air quality and health

Indonesia’s shift to cleaner cooking fuels has greatly improved air quality and health

In 2000, less than 10% of the population in Indonesia had access to clean cooking fuels. This is now over 80%, as the chart shows.

Clean cooking fuels are those that, when burned, emit less than the World Health Organization's recommended amounts of air pollutants. They reduce the burden of air pollution — and its health impacts — for the households that use them.

In 2007, the Indonesian government launched a national program to move from kerosene cooking fuels to liquefied petroleum gas.

This shift has greatly reduced particulate pollution and improved health outcomes. Death rates from indoor air pollution have fallen steeply.

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