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Data InsightsChina now uses about the same amount of energy per person as the European Union
July 01, 2024Hannah Ritchie and Pablo Rosado

China now uses about the same amount of energy per person as the European Union

Line chart showing the change in energy use per person in China and the EU. These lines have converged and are now about the same.

Energy demand in China has increased rapidly over the last few decades due to rising incomes and industrialization.

The country now uses about the same amount of energy per person as the European Union. You can see this in this chart, with new data from the Energy Institute’s Statistical Review of World Energy.

This measure of primary energy is based on the substitution method, which tries to account for the inefficiencies of fossil fuels compared to renewables.

Note that this does not account for energy embedded in traded goods, so some of this increase in China has come from producing goods exported to other countries.

We have just updated our energy data based on the latest release