Data InsightsCore LGBT+ rights are becoming more protected in some countries
June 07, 2024Bastian Herre

Core LGBT+ rights are becoming more protected in some countries

Line chart showing that the number of countries that protect core LGBT+ rights — same-sex sexual acts, marriage, adoption, legal gender marker change, and the recognition of a third gender — has increased between 1991 and 2019, but except for same-sex relationships is still low.

Important LGBT+ rights are becoming better protected in some countries, according to the work of researcher Kristopher Velasco.

The chart shows that in the early 1990s, very few countries protected LGBT+ rights beyond allowing same-sex sexual acts. Back then, no countries allowed same-sex partners to marry or adopt children, none recognized a third gender, and only two made it easy to change one’s gender marker legally.

Over the last few decades, more countries have offered and protected these rights. Most countries have now legalized same-sex relationships, and same-sex marriage, adoption, third-gender recognition, and gender marker changes are becoming more common. However, most countries still do not recognize these important rights.

Explore this data