The cost of 66 different technologies over time

About this data

The cost of 66 different technologies over time
Expressed in different units that have been chosen for visualization purposes.
Farmer and Lafond (2016) – with minor processing by Our World in Data
Last updated
December 12, 2023
Date range
various units

Sources and processing

This data is based on the following sources

Retrieved on
December 12, 2023
This is the citation of the original data obtained from the source, prior to any processing or adaptation by Our World in Data. To cite data downloaded from this page, please use the suggested citation given in Reuse This Work below.
How predictable is technological progress? J. D. Farmer & F. Lafond, Research Policy Volume 45, Issue 3, April 2016, Pages 647-665.
The data are mostly taken from the Santa-Fe Performance Curve DataBase. The database has been constructed from personal communications and from Colpier and Cornland (2002), Goldemberg et al. (2004), Lieberman (1984), Lipman and Sperling (1999), Zhao (1999), McDonald and Schrattenholzer (2001), Neij et al. (2003), Moore (2006), Nemet (2006), Schilling and Esmundo (2009). The data on photovoltaic prices has been collected from public releases of Strategies Unlimited, Navigant and SPV Market Research. The data on nuclear energy is from Koomey and Hultman (2007) and Cooper (2009). The DNA sequencing data is from Wetterstrand (2015) (cost per human-size genome), and for each year the last available month (September for 2001-2002 and October afterwards) was taken and corrected for inflation using the US GDP deflator.

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How to cite this page

To cite this page overall, including any descriptions, FAQs or explanations of the data authored by Our World in Data, please use the following citation:

“Data Page: The cost of 66 different technologies over time”. Our World in Data (2024). Data adapted from Farmer and Lafond. Retrieved from [online resource]
How to cite this data

In-line citationIf you have limited space (e.g. in data visualizations), you can use this abbreviated in-line citation:

Farmer and Lafond (2016) – with minor processing by Our World in Data

Full citation

Farmer and Lafond (2016) – with minor processing by Our World in Data. “The cost of 66 different technologies over time” [dataset]. Farmer and Lafond, “How predictable is technological progress?” [original data]. Retrieved June 22, 2024 from