Africa In Data

www.OurWorldInData.org

Mean years of schooling in Africa, 1950 to 2010
One of the most fundamental changes in Africa is the huge improvement in education.
Child mortality in Africa in 1990 and 2012

And throughout the continent the health of the population is improving.

In this presentation: click on the chart to see the interactive version and study the data (including the sources) in detail.

Colonial Africa in 1912

After long years of oppressive colonial rule...

This map is from the World Bank's World Development Report (2009).

And decades of brutal dictatorships...

...many countries in Africa are now becoming democratic!

You may want to click on the chart to see the interactive version and study the data (including the sources) in detail.

What is happening in Africa is important for the entire world.

Currently there are 1 billion people living in Africa. By the end of the century there will likely be 4 billion.

Economic growth in Africa has recently taken off, and poverty is now falling rapidly.

Poverty continued continued falling post 2006, as you can see in our entry about world poverty.

This graph is taken from Pinkovskiy and Sala-i- Martin (2010), where the methodology of calculating these projections is explained.

It is not just a few big countries which are growing.

African growth is remarkably general - the whole continent is changing.

Innovation and modernization in agriculture is improving food provision.

Over the centuries, malaria has taken millions of lives in Africa.

As population increased the deaths were rising - but this trend has recently been reversed.

Other diseases have been eradicated entirely!

Smallpox was a horrible disease common around the world. With global vaccination campaigns it was completely eradicated by 1977.

The young generation in Africa is vastly better educated than ever before.

This is the biggest reason I am optimistic that Africa's progress will continue.

www.OurWorldInData.org

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