Yields in the UK over the Very Long Run – Amthor (1998)

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Max Roser (2017) – ‘Yields in the UK over the Very Long Run – Amthor (1998)’. Published online at OurWorldInData.org. Retrieved from: https://ourworldindata.org/yields-in-the-uk-over-the-very-long-run-amthor-1998/ [Online Resource]
# Estimates of British wheat yield, 1200-1800 – Amthor (1998)1

Year(s)Yield (g per square meter)Notes and source
1209-134939-76Range of individual-manor averages in the bishopric of Winchester (Titow, 1972, p. 148)
1200-145054-57British average `guess' by Bennett (1935 )based on analysis of William Beveridge's summary
1243-4828Combe, Oxfordshire (Curtler, 1909, p. 33)
125033-55Estimates by Walter of Henley as cited by Curtler (1909), p. 33
1271-9955Seven manors in Essex and Hertfordshire (Farmer, 1983)
1290-130655Manor of Forncett, from Davenport's A Norfolk Manor as cited by Curtler (1909), p. 33
1260-135082Mean of 20 manors in eastern Norfolk, called "exceptional by the standards of the day" (Campbell, 1983)
1300-2448Seven manors in Essex and Hertfordshire (Farmer, 1983)
1300-24113Prior of Norwich's manor at Martham in Norfolk (Campbell, 1983)
1325-4953Mean of county averages in the bishopric of Winchester manors (Titow, 1972, p. 149)
1325-4946Seven manors in Essex and Hertfordshire (Farmer, 1983)
1333-3422-88Manor records mentioned by Rogers in Agriculture and Prices as cited by Percival (1934, p. 40)
1350-8044Seven manors in Essex and Hertfordshire (Farmer, 1983)
1381-141049Seven manors in Essex and Hertfordshire (Farmer, 1983)
1390-140044Good years at Hawsted demesne (manor) on "land, usually better tilled than non-demesne land" (Curtler, 1909, p. 67)
1396-9739Bishopric of Winchester manors, from Gras' The Evolution of the English Corn Market as cited by Percival (1934), p. 40
1400-2469Prior of Norwich's manor at Martham in Norfolk (Campbell, 1983)
150044-55A `normal crop' (Percival, 1934, p. 40)
1560-6962Hertfordshire (Glennie, 1988)
1570-80101-134`Well tilled and dressed' fields, based on Harrison's Description of Britain as cited by Curtler (1909), p. 91
160088`Common fields' according to Maxey (1601) as cited by Percival (1934), p. 41
1630-3963Hertfordshire (Glennie, 1988)
1642-4781-108A `good crop' according to Hartlib (1651) as cited by Percival (1934)
167095Surrey (Bowden, 1985)
168893East Anglia, from Overton (1983) as cited by Turner (1984)
1685-9567-103British average from Bennett (1935)based on Gregory King's statistics
1690-9976Hertfordshire (Glennie, 1988)
170083East Anglia, from Overton (1983) as cited by Turner (1984)
170054-134England and Wales (Overton, 1984)
171076East Anglia, from Overton (1983) as cited by Turner (1984)
1712107Normal season... at Southwick in Hants" (Curtler, 1909, p. 165, citing Hampshire Notes and Queries)
1715-65134`About the average' (Curtler, 1909, p. 179)
1726134+Enclosed lands (Curtler, 1909, p. 165, citing John Lawrence's New System of Agriculture)
173099East Anglia, from Overton (1983) as cited by Turner (1984)
1750108Probable British average (Beckett, 1990, p. 57)
1750-6099-116British average from Bennett (1935) based on Charles Smith's statistics
1750-70121Holderness (1989)
1760-7094-181England and Wales (Overton, 1984)
177081Average crop on poor land, from Arthur Young's Rural Economy as cited by Curtler (1909), p. 197
1770188Average crop on good land, from Arthur Young's Rural Economy as cited by Curtler (1909), p. 198
1770155From Arthur Young as cited by Curtler (1909), p. 285
1782134-168`Average' in Surrey (Curtler, 1909, p. 180)
late 1700s134-168County Agricultural Surveys as cited by Percival (1934)
1794112-116Thirty-four parishes in Northamptonshire (Turner, 1986)
1794113English average, but poor year (Turner, 1982)
1795100-110Thirty-four parishes in Northamptonshire (Turner, 1986)
1795105English average, but poor year (Turner, 1982)
1790-1800131English average for average year (Turner, 1982)
1795-1800144+Holderness (1989)
1800147`A very deficient harvest' (Holderness, 1989)