Homosexuality: Never justifiable

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About this data

Homosexuality: Never justifiable
% of respondents replying 1 to 4 in a scale from 1 to 10 when asked "Please tell me for each of the following statements whether you think it can always be justified, never be justified, or something in between, using this card", when the statement was "Homosexuality". In the scale, 1 means "never justifiable" and 10 means "always justifiable".
Integrated Values Surveys (2022) – with major processing by Our World in Data
Last updated
November 27, 2023
Next expected update
November 2024
Date range

Sources and processing

This data is based on the following sources

The European Value Study (EVS) and the World Value Survey (WVS) are two large-scale, cross-national, and repeated cross-sectional longitudinal survey research programs. Since their emergence in the early 1980s, the EVS has conducted 5 survey waves (every 9 years) and the WVS has conducted 7 survey waves (every 5 years). Both research programs include a large number of questions, which have been replicated over time and across the EVS and the WVS surveys. Such repeated questions constitute the Integrated Values Surveys (IVS), the joint EVS-WVS time-series data which at the moment covers a 40-years period (1981-2022).

Retrieved on
November 27, 2023
This is the citation of the original data obtained from the source, prior to any processing or adaptation by Our World in Data. To cite data downloaded from this page, please use the suggested citation given in Reuse This Work below.
  • EVS (2022): EVS Trend File 1981-2017. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA7503 Data file Version 3.0.0, doi:10.4232/1.14021
  • Haerpfer, C., Inglehart, R., Moreno, A., Welzel, C., Kizilova, K., Diez-Medrano J., M. Lagos, P. Norris, E. Ponarin & B. Puranen et al. (eds.). 2022. World Values Survey Trend File (1981-2022) Cross-National Data-Set. Madrid, Spain & Vienna, Austria: JD Systems Institute & WVSA Secretariat. Data File Version 3.0.0, doi:10.14281/18241.23.

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Notes on our processing step for this indicator

We collected the data by merging the World Values Survey and the European Values Study, following the methodology described in the Integrated Values Surveys website.

We processed the indicators from microdata of the Integrated Values Surveys (IVS) using Stata. Weights are applied for each country.

We calculated regional aggregations for some indicators, by weighting each country by its population size.

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  • All data produced by third-party providers and made available by Our World in Data are subject to the license terms from the original providers. Our work would not be possible without the data providers we rely on, so we ask you to always cite them appropriately (see below). This is crucial to allow data providers to continue doing their work, enhancing, maintaining and updating valuable data.
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How to cite this page

To cite this page overall, including any descriptions, FAQs or explanations of the data authored by Our World in Data, please use the following citation:

“Data Page: Homosexuality: Never justifiable”, part of the following publication: Esteban Ortiz-Ospina, Max Roser and Pablo Arriagada (2016) - “Trust”. Data adapted from Integrated Values Surveys. Retrieved from [online resource]
How to cite this data

In-line citationIf you have limited space (e.g. in data visualizations), you can use this abbreviated in-line citation:

Integrated Values Surveys (2022) – with major processing by Our World in Data

Full citation

Integrated Values Surveys (2022) – with major processing by Our World in Data. “Homosexuality: Never justifiable” [dataset]. Integrated Values Surveys, “Integrated Values Surveys (IVS) Version 3” [original data]. Retrieved July 22, 2024 from